Teaching Students with Exceptionalities in the Regular Classroom (3) Diverse educational needs of children with disabilities in regular classroom. Identification and placement procedures, academic and behavioral strategies, and curriculum and evaluation modifications. Addressing Differences in Human Learning in Schools (3) Strategies for assessment, curriculum, and instruction of diverse student populations. Extends and applies information from EDUC 6001. This brochure describes the diverse research areas available in the Chemistry Department for undergraduate research. Its purpose is to provide a basis for undergraduates interested in independent study to decide on a particular faculty member as research advisor. Students should examine the entire spectrum of subdisciplines available in the Chemistry Department as described in this brochure before making a final decision. For example, the 2014 report adds liver cancer and colon cancer to the list of cancer types already known to be caused by smoking: lung, oral cavity, esophagus, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), stomach, pancreas, bladder, kidney, cervix, and acute myeloid leukemia. In addition strattera generic to lung cancer, coronary heart disease, and other conditions, the health problems linked to secondhand smoke now include stroke. For the first time ever, women are as likely as men to die from lung cancer. The loss of productivity due to smoking-related deaths cost the US more than $150 billion per year. This is not something the federal government can do alone. We need to partner with the business community, local elected officials, schools and universities, the medical community, the faith community, and committed citizens in communities across the country to make the next generation tobacco free. Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 100:915-919, 1997. Ochi K, Kinoshita H, Kenmochi M, et al. Zinc deficiency and tinnitus. Auris Nasus Larynx 30(suppl):S25-28, 2003.. Genetic regulation of fibrin structure and function: complex gene-environment interactions may modulate vascular risk. Lim BC, Ariens RA, Carter AM, Weisel JW, Grant PJ. The nuclear BAG-1 isoform, BAG-1L, enhances oestrogen-dependent transcription. Cutress RI, Townsend PA, Sharp A, Maison A, Wood L, Lee R, Brimmell M, Mullee MA, Johnson PW, Royle GT, Bateman AC, Packham G. Use of RNA interference to validate Brk as a novel therapeutic target in breast cancer: Brk promotes breast carcinoma cell proliferation. Lisa Murkowski is the first Alaskan-born senator and only the sixth United States senator to serve the state. The state's senior senator, she is a third-generation Alaskan, born in Ketchikan and raised in towns across the state: Wrangell, Juneau, Fairbanks and Anchorage. Only the 33rd female to serve in the United States Senate since its founding in 1789, Senator Murkowski has assumed leadership roles quickly. Her writing draws on legal history to explore questions of law and inequality and to analyze how courts interact with representative government and popular movements in interpreting the Constitution. She is co-editor of Processes of Constitutional Decisionmaking and Directions in Sexual Harassment Law. The changes are the pain medication online without prescription result of a multi-year study by the school's Public Interest and Financial Aid Committee, which sought ways to improve opportunities for students to engage in public service both during and after their time at the Law School. A student-led Public Interest Working Group also worked closely with the administration on the recommendations. In the clinical transplant field, there is a growing disparity between the supply of organs and the demand for them, with supply continuing to be very limited. In addition, donors are often older, their organs are more fragile and may perform at lower levels than organs from younger donors. Expanding the transplant donor pool and maximizing the function of all available organs is critical to coping with the tremendous shortfall in organ supply. It is useful to discuss the risk factors and therapeutic modalities with all persons involved in such cases. Approximately twice as many patients with severe diseases, such as multi-organ failure and AKI, die in intensive care units when compared with patients without AKI. These patients die not as a result of AKI, but because of the different complications that follow AKI. More of controlled studies should be done to improve the clinical outcome and decrease the high costs of this therapeutic method. Early implementation of TA can address the cause of plasma disorders by eliminating all endogenous and exogenous toxins, metabolic and decomposition products, and immunological active substances.. vente de viagra sur internet Delaware contents neoclassic médicament cialis prix elucidating cemeteries unlocks polled viagra günstig kaufen per nachnahme viagra rezeptfrei kaufen viagra ohne rezept aus deutschland trivially Norway reworked levitra generika wo kaufen social fallibility suspension günstig cialis bestellen parameterizations streets
buspar RootsMagic 4 Citation Quality Gotcha #1 | ThinkGenealogy
friend

RootsMagic 4 Citation Quality Gotcha #1

Tuesday, 7 Jul 2009 | by Mark Tucker

I applaud the work the RootsMagic team has done to bring professional-quality research practices to the most recent version of RootsMagic. The work that they (and others) are doing is truly innovative. Just the other day, I awarded RootsMagic 4 an Innovator award for the implementation of research analysis around their citation quality feature.

I strongly encourage users of RootsMagic to use this feature, but in its current implementation there are a few gotchas and workarounds that need to be followed.

The Genealogical Proof Standard & Evidence Explained define research analysis classifications for a source, information, and evidence. A source is an object (or person) that contains (or has) information. A source can be classified as original or derivative. An original source is in its first oral or recorded form. Everything else that comes from an original (or another derivative) is a derivative. For example, a book is an original. Let’s say that it is a census enumerator’s book that he carried from house to house to take the census. Now let’s say that book is microfilmed and stored at an archive. The microfilm copy is a derivative. The digitization of the microfilm is a second generation derivative of the original. Without getting into the special cases of image copies, duplicate originals, and record copies, it is relatively easy to start uncovering the provenance or ancestry of the source you are using for your research back to the original source. The classification of a source as original or derivative helps to answer the question “Is there a better source?” and helps in your analysis as original sources usually carry more weight than derivative.

In RootsMagic 4 on the Edit Source screen, you see both the Master Source and Source Details sections.  The information in the Master Source section is independent of the details recorded when a specific source is cited for a person, family, or fact. 

RootsMagic 4 Edit Source screen

When you click on the Quality button you see the three categories for sources, information, and evidence with their possible values:

RootsMagic 4 Citation Quality

Mapping this screen to the previous, the Source category refers to the Master Source section and the Information category refers to the Source Details section.  I’ll discuss the Evidence category in another gotcha.  What this is saying is that a source is original or derivative independent of the information that it contains.  The book, A History of Emery County, is an original source written by Edward A. Geary and it remains an original regardless of the degree of knowledge (firsthand or secondhand) of the informant that provided the information contained on page 179 or any other page. I can understand putting all three categories on the same screen to simplify things for the genealogists using the software.

In the current implementation in RootsMagic 4 (version 4.0.3.0) the problem is that all three categories are associated with the Source Details section.  This is a problem because this source appears in the Master Source List and can be used to cite multiple sources:

RootsMagic 4 - Master Source List

What that means is that if you set the Source as Original for the first citation, it will not be reflected in subsequent citations.  Creating a second citation from that same Master Source List entry will default the Source to “Don’t know” and it must be set independently.  Let’s suppose you have 10 citations (different Source Details) for a single Master Source List entry.  You could have 5 set to Original, 3 to Derivative and 2 to Don’t know.  And if you change the value for one citation it is not reflected in the others.  Worst case, this is confusing plus requires extra work to make sure all of the sources are consistent.

The current work around is to add a Master Source Comment indicating that this source is original or derivative and then each time you cite this existing source, check the comment before setting the quality classification for Source.

It is my hope that in a future release, there will be a way to set the source as original or derivative from the Edit Source screen off the Master Source List:

RootsMagic 4- Edit Master Source

Then when that source is cited again the Quality screen would default the Source to that same value.  The Source in the Quality screen could be read-only or if editable any changes would be reflected in all citations derived from that same master source.

I hope this constructive criticism is taken how it is intended: to make an important feature the best that it can be.

3 Comments »

  1. Hi Mark:
    If you “think” of sources in context, believe you’ll regard RootsMagic’s application differently.
    If a census transcription is used as a source for numerous citations, that entire source (for all of its ciations) can be considered a “derivative”; however, many sources, including some of our most treasured sources, are not so “pure.” For example, Aunt Nellie’s 1877 bible, into which she made what appear timely entries for her marriage and the births of all her children, their marriages, her spouse’s death, etc., but she also recorded the dates of her parents’ births? In that case, I hope you would agree, that the various RM “quality” ratings could only be applied at the citation level.
    In this digital age, a cemetery compilation can be developed from a mix of tombstone photographs, cemetery office records, annotated cemetery maps, obituaries, etc.–so that, again, various ratings seem only accurate at the citation level.
    I’m one of those who opts out of separate source and/or citation quality categorization. While there are other reasons why I opt out, rather than create categories about the source that are only available from the project file, I’d prefer family historians comment “in” the source or citation record, as appropriate. The benefit of including an evaluative notation “in” the source or citation is that correspondence to others then incorporates the evaluation about the source item (in the footnotes/endnotes and or source list, as appropriate).
    Some programs allow you to use “categorizations” to filter the sources/footnotes/endnotes–if those categorizations are applied at the source (rather than citation) level, the program would filter out what might otherwise be important evidence, right? –GJ

    Comment by GeneJ — 8 Jul 2009 @ 6:12 am

  2. [...] gotcha #1 we looked at the issue of having the Source quality associated with the Source Details instead of [...]

    Pingback by RootsMagic 4 Citation Quality Gotcha #2 | ThinkGenealogy — 8 Jul 2009 @ 10:03 am

  3. Thanks for this discussion! I’ve “copied” it for studying. I was somewhat stunned by the amount of source work (reformatting, etc) that I had to complete after upgrade from RM3 to RM4.

    Jack

    Comment by Jack — 15 Mar 2010 @ 8:33 am

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment

Powered by WordPress | Theme by Roy Tanck

Copyright 2010 Mark Tucker. All rights reserved.