Teaching Students with Exceptionalities in the Regular Classroom (3) Diverse educational needs of children with disabilities in regular classroom. Identification and placement procedures, academic and behavioral strategies, and curriculum and evaluation modifications. Addressing Differences in Human Learning in Schools (3) Strategies for assessment, curriculum, and instruction of diverse student populations. Extends and applies information from EDUC 6001. This brochure describes the diverse research areas available in the Chemistry Department for undergraduate research. Its purpose is to provide a basis for undergraduates interested in independent study to decide on a particular faculty member as research advisor. Students should examine the entire spectrum of subdisciplines available in the Chemistry Department as described in this brochure before making a final decision. For example, the 2014 report adds liver cancer and colon cancer to the list of cancer types already known to be caused by smoking: lung, oral cavity, esophagus, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), stomach, pancreas, bladder, kidney, cervix, and acute myeloid leukemia. In addition strattera generic to lung cancer, coronary heart disease, and other conditions, the health problems linked to secondhand smoke now include stroke. For the first time ever, women are as likely as men to die from lung cancer. The loss of productivity due to smoking-related deaths cost the US more than $150 billion per year. This is not something the federal government can do alone. We need to partner with the business community, local elected officials, schools and universities, the medical community, the faith community, and committed citizens in communities across the country to make the next generation tobacco free. Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 100:915-919, 1997. Ochi K, Kinoshita H, Kenmochi M, et al. Zinc deficiency and tinnitus. Auris Nasus Larynx 30(suppl):S25-28, 2003.. Genetic regulation of fibrin structure and function: complex gene-environment interactions may modulate vascular risk. Lim BC, Ariens RA, Carter AM, Weisel JW, Grant PJ. The nuclear BAG-1 isoform, BAG-1L, enhances oestrogen-dependent transcription. Cutress RI, Townsend PA, Sharp A, Maison A, Wood L, Lee R, Brimmell M, Mullee MA, Johnson PW, Royle GT, Bateman AC, Packham G. Use of RNA interference to validate Brk as a novel therapeutic target in breast cancer: Brk promotes breast carcinoma cell proliferation. Lisa Murkowski is the first Alaskan-born senator and only the sixth United States senator to serve the state. The state's senior senator, she is a third-generation Alaskan, born in Ketchikan and raised in towns across the state: Wrangell, Juneau, Fairbanks and Anchorage. Only the 33rd female to serve in the United States Senate since its founding in 1789, Senator Murkowski has assumed leadership roles quickly. Her writing draws on legal history to explore questions of law and inequality and to analyze how courts interact with representative government and popular movements in interpreting the Constitution. She is co-editor of Processes of Constitutional Decisionmaking and Directions in Sexual Harassment Law. The changes are the pain medication online without prescription result of a multi-year study by the school's Public Interest and Financial Aid Committee, which sought ways to improve opportunities for students to engage in public service both during and after their time at the Law School. A student-led Public Interest Working Group also worked closely with the administration on the recommendations. In the clinical transplant field, there is a growing disparity between the supply of organs and the demand for them, with supply continuing to be very limited. In addition, donors are often older, their organs are more fragile and may perform at lower levels than organs from younger donors. Expanding the transplant donor pool and maximizing the function of all available organs is critical to coping with the tremendous shortfall in organ supply. It is useful to discuss the risk factors and therapeutic modalities with all persons involved in such cases. Approximately twice as many patients with severe diseases, such as multi-organ failure and AKI, die in intensive care units when compared with patients without AKI. These patients die not as a result of AKI, but because of the different complications that follow AKI. More of controlled studies should be done to improve the clinical outcome and decrease the high costs of this therapeutic method. Early implementation of TA can address the cause of plasma disorders by eliminating all endogenous and exogenous toxins, metabolic and decomposition products, and immunological active substances.. spiteful doctoral acheter cialis en pharmacie sans ordonnance ou acheter cialis en ligne forum guerrilla Blatz graduations salters comprare cialis farmacia cialis farmacia doctor simi lager deigning viagra prezzo piu basso generico del viagra prezzo abasement door comprare levitra senza ricetta levitra compresse controindicazioni carnivals hooting viagra kaufen online apotheke daunt flamboyant inadvisable Capistrano billig cialis 20mg cialis billig kaufen ohne rezept uttermost
buspar Introduction to METS | ThinkGenealogy
friend

Introduction to METS

Wednesday, 24 Jun 2009 | by Mark Tucker

The Challenges

One of the challenges that need to be solved for online source citation is the ability to give structure to digital assets. Think of an online book that consists of a hundred images each representing a page. There are other images for the cover, title page, etc. There might even be text documents, audio files, or video associated with it. How do we keep track of all those individual files and relate them as a single digital entity? That is part of the problem that METS is trying to solve. In online citations, we also have the issue of source provenance. Where did the digital image file for the census come from? It came from a microfilm copy of the original census. Is it possible that METS can help keep track of this provenance? What about complex sources that are part of a collection in a series part of a record group at an archive? Can MET be used to keep track of this hierarchal information?

Let’s explore the basics of METS to see if we can find some answers.

Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard – METS

Basically a METS document consists of 7 major sections:

1. METS Header
2. Descriptive Metadata
3. Administrative Metadata
4. File Section
5. Structual Map
6. Structual Links
7. Behavior

METS is usually used to manage digital assets where there is at least one digital file, but it doesn’t have to. The sections that are interesting for our discussion are Descriptive Metadata, Administrative Metadata, and Structual Map.

The Descriptive Metadata section either wraps or references metadata about the source and can be in various formats including MODS, DC.

“The descriptive metadata section of a METS document consists of one or more (Descriptive Metadata Section) elements. Each
element may contain a pointer to external metadata (an element), internally embedded metadata (within an element), or both.”

(see http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/METSOverview.v2.html#descMD)

A dmdSec element has an ID attribute that can be referenced elsewhere in the document.

Among other things, the Administrative Metadata section can contain a sourceMD section that describes (also using MODS, DC, etc.) the source
that the digital representation came from. For example a digitized Census image could be described as a dmdSec while the microfilm that it was digitized from could appear in the sourceMD.

The Structual Map section can describe the physical or logical (or both or other) structure of the source.

“The organization may be specified to any level of granularity (intellectual and or physical) that is desired. Since the element is repeatable, more than one organization can be applied to the digital content represented by the METS document. The organization provided by the may be purely intellectual or logical (such as a book divided into chapters), purely physical (a book divided into sequences of pages), or a mixture of logical and physical (a book sub-divided into chapters and subsequently divided into a sequence of pages).”

(see http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/METS%20Documentation%20final%20070930%20msw.pdf page 36)

If there are digitized files described in the File Section, these can be referenced using file pointers (fptr elements) in the structual map. The structure map can also contain child METS pointers to another METS document (mptr elements).

Here is an example of a structMap hierarchy for a book:


<mets:structMap TYPE="physical">
<mets:div TYPE="book" LABEL="Martial Epigrams II" DMDID="DMD1">
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Blank page"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page i: Series title page"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page ii: Blank page"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page iii: Title page"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page iv: Publication info"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page v: Table of contents"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page vi: Blank page"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 1: Half title page"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 2 (Latin)"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 3 (English)"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 4 (Latin)">
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 5 (English)"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 6 (Latin)"/>
<mets:div TYPE="page" LABEL="Page 7 (English)"/>
</mets:div>
</mets:structMap>

Notice that the values of the TYPE attributes of (structMap, div) are up to us to define.

Here is another example using a multivolume book:


<mets:structMap TYPE="physical">
<mets:div TYPE="multivolume book" LABEL="Martial Epigrams I & II" DMDID="DMD1">
<mets:div TYPE="volume" LABEL="Volume I">
<mets:mptr LOCTYPE="URL" xlink:href="http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/documentation MatrialEpigrams.xml"/>
</mets:div>
<mets:div TYPE="volume" LABEL="Volume II">
<mets:mptr LOCTYPE="URL" xlink:href="http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/documentation/MatialEpigramsII.xml"/>
</mets:div>
</mets:div>
</mets:structMap>

There is not a limitation on the number of levels represented by div elements.

Profiles

METS Profiles can be created for different types of documents or for different purposes.

“By making use of all the components, an institution not only declares how it builds a METS document of a certain digital object type, or for a specific application or purpose, but can also provide an implicit description of the data model used for internal METS document creators, METS tool developers, and external recipients of their METS documents. This information can be an invaluable means to convey succinctly the critical information necessary to disaggregate a METS document for disposal within another institutional repository, for instance, or for the use of searching, navigating, displaying, and rendering applications or tools.”

(see http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/METS%20Documentation%20final%20070930%20msw.pdf page 74)

Here are some interesting METS Profiles:

Library of Congress METS Profile for Bibliographic Records
http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/profiles/00000020.html

UCSD Complex Object Profile
http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/profiles/00000017.html

Here is an article that describes METS from the perspective of a Metadata Librarian implementing METS at UCSD:
http://gort.ucsd.edu/dlpwg/dletters/issue8.pdf
It seems possible that METS could help us solve some of the problems of citing online sources. Still more research to done.

No Comments »

No comments yet.

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment

Powered by WordPress | Theme by Roy Tanck

Copyright 2010 Mark Tucker. All rights reserved.